Mongolian South Gobi
The Mongolian government established the Great Gobi National Park in 1975 and the UNESCO designated as the Great Gobi as the fourth largest Biosphere Reserve in the world in 1991. Mongolians consider that there are 33 different Gobi , where sandy desert occupies only 3 percent of the total territory. The area is often imagined as a lifeless desert like in many other parts of the world. Gobi Desert is a land of dinosaurs and it is the home for camel breeders rich with wildlife and vegetation. Dinosaur skeletons and their petrified eggs have been preserved here to the present day. Wild asses, camels, snow leopards, mountain sheep and gazelles flourish here, as do different types of flora.
Eagle valley ( Yol Am )
Gurvansaikhan Mountains are three rocky hills, the highest of which is 2815meter above the sea level. The eagle valley a protected site in 1965, is 62 kilometers north-west of Dalanzadgad, in the centre of South Gobi aimag very wide entrance, it narrows gradually into a remarkable gorge. A spring two or three kilometers long winds its way through the defile and in July, freezing into a thick corridor of ice that stretches along a considerable distance. Following the canyon to the high rock walls has breathtaking dramatic scenery, and no doubt is one of the most beautiful places in the country.
Khongor Sand Dine (Khongoryn Els)
This is a Mongolian largest sand dune reaching a height of 800 meter in some highest areas. The sand dunes in Sevrei sum, South Gobi aimag, are called Khongoryn Els. These dunes are 20 km wide and 100 km long. The Khongoryn River flows along the sand dunes and gives birth to oases. The sand dune change the color with each hour of one day, from yellow to silver to rise colored at dawn / sundown. This dune is considered one of the biggest dunes with it is length of 180 km and width of 3-5 km. The dunes make sound like plane engine in a windy day so it has been named as "Singing Dunes".
Bayanzag / Rich Saxaul /
One of the famous places is Bayanzag, bottom of Ancient Sea which excited 60-70 million years ago where a lot of Palentological findings have been discovered.
The place is known as Flaming Cliffs so named by Roy Andrew Chapman American explorer, who had visited Mongolia in 1920. During the 2 years he searched through the Mongolian Gobi Desert & he found dinosaur fossils from Bayanzag, Nemekht. He brought his palentological findings on 70 camels. Chapman presented Mongolia one large skeleton on show in the Ulaanbaatar Natural History Museum. He found 10 kinds of dinosaurs 8 were found from Mongolia .
Also South Gobi has an oasis and most beautiful mountains Nemegt, Altan mountains and wide steppes and valleys with exotic wild animals like Asian wild ass, black tailed gazelle, and steppe wolf. The Gobi bears which very rare animal can be seen in this area. This is one most beautiful place among the 33 Gobies of Mongolia where travelers can see pre-historical rock paintings, caves where monks have made meditations and ruins of ancient temples and villages.
Baga Gazariin Chuluu
The 1751-meter high granite stone mountains in the territory of Adaatsag soum, Dundgobi aimag /Middle Gobi province/, is another place with unique scenery that many tourists compare with lunar scenes. The mountain contains remains of old temples. They are not only rich in minerals, crystals but also eyes spring, old stone temple ruins related with 17 th century.
It is a ruin of big monastery of BariYonzon Khamba on the bank of the Ongiin River. This monastery has 28 temples and other buildings on the south slope of the Rocky Mountain like Balsa country and stupas haven't broken. This monastery had about 1000 lamas. Which itself was badly destroyed during the Stalinist purges in 1930s. All the temples were destroyed by Stalin's thugs. Since 1994 people rebuilt one Temple. Now there are 10 lamas studying.
Mongolia has 2 humped Bactrian camels it is a domesticated animal of herders. Its wool coat, which is shed in the summer, acts as an insulator in the winter. There are more than 250,000 camels in Mongolia . Usually South Gobi , Middle Gobi, Gobi-Altai, Bayankhongor provinces. South Gobi province has a first place in Mongolian for the number of camels. Camel is almost an exclusive means of transportation across the Gobi desert and vast steppe. An adult male camel can give up to 18 kg of wool per year. Unlike other livestock, a camel can continuously travel for 30 days without drinking a drop of water.
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