Author: dalai
April 14, 2015

Mongolian Culture:

Mongolia culture - Real Nomadic style

For 3 000 years, the people of the steppes have adopted a pastoral way of life moving in the search of best pastures and campsites. Since the Hunnu Empire Mongolians raising their five domestic animals (including sheep, horse, cattle, camel, and goat) in the broad region of forest, steppe and Gobi desert. Especially they respect their horses.

Mongolians see their horse as their best friend. Mongolian nomadic people move into place to place 2-4 times a year as well as it is depending on livestock's pasture. Mongolian nomad people always follow their livestock. Because livestock knows where the best pasture is. Herders live in Mongolian traditional dwelling (covered felt) Ger. Nomadic life thrives in summer and survives in winter.
Considering climatic conditions, especially during winter, such lifestyle may seem to the outside world to be a very hard way of living. Traditionally, Mongolian nomads raise 5 species of livestock known as the 5 muzzles: horses, cattle or yaks, sheep, goats and camels.

Reindeer are raised by the Tsaatan people who live in the northwest areas around the lake Khovsgol bordering Siberia, Russia.

Mongolian five stared animals

Mongolia is the land of livestock. Nowadays Mongolia has over 55.9 million livestock, including 24.9 million sheep, 23.6 million goats, 3.8 million cattle, 3.3 million horses and 367. 9 thousand Bactrian camels.

The means of transport is the camel. Camel wool is warm and used for various things such as clothing, ger parts and bedding. Camels are formidable. The males, when their minds are on mating, their mouth get full of foam and start fighting. The number of camel is usually smaller than those of other animals. Camels and goats are shorn once a year. A Mongolian sheep gives three or four pounds of wool a year.

The livestock animals influence a lot to the country's prosperity. The sheep provides meat, wool and leather, nowadays its milk is taken not so often. The goat provides milk and company for the sheep, its meat is seldom eaten.
The cattle is eaten and milked, and its hide provides leather often the yak is used instead of the cow, or else together with cattle. The female yak's milk is rich in fat. The yak seems more active than the cattle, and as one approaches a mixed herd, the yak's - hairy as terriers - are always the first to run off, lofting their- feathery tails like pennons. Also there is hainag, a yak cow hybrid. (The reverse hybrid, from a Mongolian bull with a female yak, is possible, but not used.) The male hainag is strong, stronger than either parent. It is burly beast with hair longer than its mother's and shorter than its father's. The female produces more milk than the female of either parental stock. But its calf, the ortom, is a weakling, and breeding is not taken other. The horse is kept as a mount and for milk. Mares must be in foal a great part of the year. Several times in journey you will come across twenty or thirty horses crowded, noses together close to Ger. They are waiting their turn for milking. Mongols say they milk better if you let the foal start them. After fermenting the mare's milk, Mongolians enjoy their traditional drink, Airag.