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About Mongolian Language

The Mongolian language belongs to the Ural - Altaic language family. This included Kazakh, Turkish, Korean and Finnish. Today more than 10 million people speak Mongolian. They live in Mongolia, Buriat republic of Russian federation, Inner Mongolia in China, Shingjan and Gansu regions of China and Tibet. The history of Mongolian language divided into the old, middle and modern Mongolian periods. The old Mongolian language lasted from ancient times till XII century. The documents of the period inscribed in monuments such as rock arts, monuments etc. The middle Mongolian period continued from XII-XVI century. During the time, Secret history of Mongols, Arab-Mongolian dictionary and other important documents were composed. The Mongolian modern language is from 17th century until present days. During this period, the scientists said that standard Mongolian language has been started. Mongolians have invented and used about 10 different scripts, such as dorvoljin, tod, soyombo letters and etc. Old Mongolian script is known as Uighur Mongolian script. Mongolian language latest orientation The official language of Mongolia is Khalkha Mongolian, and 90% of the people speak the same. Oirat and Buryat are used across the country, and even Mongolic Khamnigan. In the west, Kazakh and Tuvan, are also spoken. The Russian language is usually spoken foreign language in Mongolia, followed by English, although English has been gradually replacing Russian. Korean has gained acceptance. Japanese is also used among the younger people. The older educated Mongolians population speaks some German, as they pursued their studies in the former East Germany, while a few speak other languages from the former Eastern Bloc. Besides that, Mongolians youth are well versed and fluent in the Western European languages as they study or work in foreign countries like Germany, France and Italy. As China and Mongolia are neighbors there has been growing interests in Chinese. Today, Mongolian is written with the help of the Cyrillic alphabet, although in the past it was written using the Mongolian script. An official reintroduction of the old script was planned in 1994, but has not yet taken place as older groups faced practical difficulties. The traditional alphabet is being slowly reintroduced in the schools. Carry a book that would guide you to communicate while you travel in Mongolia.


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