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Michael Plavsic
"Hello Tuvshinbat.
It has been a week since I came back from Mongolia (ref. Discover Mongolia Tour and Naadam Festival - 17 days, July 1 - 17). I am not sure if you are into receiving feedback from your visitors but you could at least forward this email to someone else in Discover Mongolia if required (e.g. Tour Operator). In short I had a wonderful trip; all the credits to the Discover Mongolia crew headed by Mugu the guide and nicely followed by the drivers Amra, Bagi and Dovchin. Say hi to them all. The group we traveled with was also very nice. Thanks again for your efforts to arrange everything for me. It's been a great experience. I will be back in Mongolia. "
from Canada
Judy Jackson
"Hello Oyunaa
The tour was wonderful. Everything worked out fine and just as planned. I will be happy to recommend Discover Mongolia and we plan to come back again next year! My only suggestion is that we should have had a four wheel drive vehicle for Elsen Tasarhai. We had a little problem in the sand and could not drive everyplace. The guides were great, especially Hishi in UlaanBataar, and the drivers were very good."
from USA

The Gobi

The great Mongolian Gobi has High Mountain, springs, forests, sands, steppes and rich animal kingdom. The Gobi is occupying 30 percent of the country's vast territory and stretching from east to the west through southern part of Mongolia, has total of 49 mammals, 15 reptiles, 1 amphibians, and 160 bird's species and its plant kingdom comprises over 400 species including many valuable medicinal, fodder and decorative plants. Its numerous rare animal species include argali sheep, ibex, snow leopard, lynx, wild ass, gazelles, saiga, wild Bactrian camel and Gobi bear, just to name few. The Go bi is not single notion.

There are 33 different types of Gobi in Mongolia, of which sandy dessert occupies only 3 percent of mountain range lies within the territory of Gobi Altai and South Gobi aimags. The Gobi is land of extremes: decent rain falls only every two or three year; it can be well over 40'c during summer and below -40'c in winter, and storms of dust and sand are fearsome in spring. The very few lakes, such as Orog nuur and Buun Tsagaan Nuur are starting to permanently dry up, but underground springs provide the vital water. The Gobi is very sparsely populated, but the desolate landscape is home to the gazelle, khulan wild ass and Bactrian desert bear - The Gobi bear. The appropriately named Dessert Warbler and the Saxaul Sparrow hide in the saxual shrub, the only species of shrub which can flourish in the Gobi.

Mazaalai - The Gobi Bear
Mongolia Gobi bear (Ursus arctos gobiensis) is a subspecies of the brown bear, Ursus arctos, found in the Gobi Desert of Mongolia. At present they are listed as "very rare" in the Mongolian Red Book, and may represent a threatened species, as the small population of Gobi bears makes them vulnerable to outside threats. Some estimates place the population as low as 30 individuals. Gobi bears are shy and elusive, omnivorous, and differ from the other varieties of brown bear by having longer limbs and a golden tinge to their coats. In size they are usually roughly 1.5 meters (5 feet), 90-100 kilograms in weight (about 200 lbs.). The population is believed to be

a relic of a time with less harsh climatic conditions. Mongolian scientists are undertaking research into the behavior of this poorly understood bear in the hope that this may hold the key to its survival. More information is desperately needed before any conservation measures may be considered. According to the experts from the Ministry of Environment Protection, there are only about 30 Mazaalai or Gobi Desert bears remain on the Earth. But Dr. D. Bataar who climbed all over mountain ranges in Gobi Altai province last year, the natural habitat of this

rare bears, estimates the real number is less than 20. Smaller than their forest relatives, Mazaalai bears survive among remote Rocky Mountains in the Gobi desert. A prediction made by Dr. J. Steinberg, an American biologist in 1998 that the specie will dissappear within 10 to 15 years may come true just in few years. Mazaalai, as this bear is called by Mongols, lives in most remote parts of the Gobi Desert, wandering near oases and mountain ranges with water sources where they can survive through harsh and extreme desert climate. Unlike his brethren in more forested areas, Mazaalai survives mostly by eating leaves, berries, grass roots and, if lucky, catching an occasional lizard or mice. Restricted ration of the deserts forces it not to bypass even insects like grass hoppers or beetles.

Dinosaur
Fossils in the Gobi desert of Mongolia were first discovered in the 1920's by American Museum of Natural History scientists that were looking for proof that Central Asia was the cradle of human evolution, but instead inadvertently discovered the extensive dinosaur fossil deposits. The expeditions ended in the late 1920's because of political unrest and resumed in 1990. The vast area has been labeled a fossil Valhalla, due to the stunning dinosaur discoveries. In particular, the nests and eggs that were found support new ideas about how dinosaurs lived and nurtured their young. The fossils of the Gobi have also provided critical supportive information linking dinosaurs and their direct descendants, the birds. They have also yielded vast data regarding primate and human lineage owing to

discoveries of a large diversity of Cretaceous placental mammals, the Eutheria; these diminutive and nocturnal creatures would mainly survive the forthcoming extinction of the dinosaurs and their ancestors would radiate to modern times. Oviraptors come exclusively from the Late Cretaceous of Mongolia. Oviraptor was discovered by Roy Chapman Andrews during a 1923 expedition near a nest of what paleontologists first thought were Protoceratops. However, an Oviraptor found crouched on a nest in 1993 supports the theory that Oviraptor was a dutiful parent and probably not deserving of its name, which means "egg stealer".

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